The inhabitants of the Mirebellois have never starved. Numerous animal bones of all kinds were found in the Celtic tombs. In Bèze, ponds were created by the monks which yielded large quantities of fish.

The plains of Vingeanne, Bèze, Tille and Albane were also known as wheat-plains. Nowadays, modern methods allow harvests of up to 4 tons per acre in the best years.

Their pastures are excellent as well, and greatly appreciated by milk-cows. One milk was celebrated in a poster by Toulouse Lautrec.

Hop does no longer grow in the region, but it once was among its principal crops. Its culture started in 1838 and dramatically increased in the 1870's thanks to Victor Noël. By 1904, 200 acres were planted in Beire-le-Chatel, 130 in Bèze, 110 in Tanay and 90 in Mirebeau. The last plants, in Bèze, were uprooted in the late 20th century.

Nearly all of the 21 towns are supplied with water by a river, stream or spring. This explains why there are so many laveries (over 20) in the area.
Various types of fish can be found too. Bèze trout is famed, as are Vingeanne pike, perch, roach, tench and bream.

The towns also benefit from the resources of large forests, the biggest of which are those of Mirebeau and Renève, which also yield coolness in the summer. Oak is the dominant tree, followed by beech and hornbeam, and attempts have been made to plant sap-trees. Timber rights allow many inhabitants to get firewood from these forests.